Burgio is a graduate of the University of Missouri. He moved to California in 1976 to set up a construction business and began playing poker tournaments regularly in 1987.
Burgio came to note as the winner of the Best All-Around Player Award at the 1992 Four Queens Poker Classic. He first finised in the money of a World Series of Poker (WSOP) event in 1992 in the Ace to Five Draw event. In 1994 he won a WSOP bracelet in the Seven-Card Stud Hi-Lo event, defeating a final table including both Howard "The Professor" Lederer and Jay Heimowitz. Burgio also made the final table of the $10,000 no limit hold'em main event that year, finishing in 4th place. He also finished in the money of the same event in 1998.
Burgio has made one World Poker Tour (WPT) final table, finishing 5th in the first season Gold Rush event won by Paul "The Truth" Darden.Burgio has also competed in numerous events of the Ultimate Poker Challenge and has won 2 events.As of 2006, his total live tournament winnings exceed $1,300,000.
Burgio writes a regular human interest article for CardPlayer Magazine which has led to him being called the "Andy Rooney of Poker". He also plays online poker at Paradise Poker and has authored his autobiography entitled Pizza, Pasta and Poker: The Private & Public Life of a Professional Poker Player.He is married with four grown daughters.